Interface enhancement of Gilbert damping from first principles

Yi Liu, Zhe Yuan, R.J.H. Wesselink, Anton A. Starikov, Paul J. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

152 Citations (Scopus)
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The enhancement of Gilbert damping observed for Ni 80 Fe 20 (Py) films in contact with the nonmagnetic metals Cu, Pd, Ta, and Pt is quantitatively reproduced using first-principles scattering calculations. The “spin-pumping” theory that qualitatively explains its dependence on the Py thickness is generalized to include a number of extra factors known to be important for spin transport through interfaces. Determining the parameters in this theory from first principles shows that interface spin flipping makes an essential contribution to the damping enhancement. Without it, a much shorter spin-flip diffusion length for Pt would be needed than the value we calculate independently
Original languageEnglish
Article number207202
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical review letters
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • METIS-306267
  • IR-94946


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