Introducing the dilemma of societal alignment for inclusive and responsible research and innovation

Barbara Ribeiro* (Corresponding Author), Lars Bengtsson, Paul Benneworth, Susanne Bührer, Elena Castro-Martínez, Meiken Hansen, Katharina Jarmai, Ralf Lindner, Julia Olmos-Peñuela, Cordula Ott, Philip Shapira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
144 Downloads (Pure)


In this discussion paper, we outline and reflect on some of the key challenges that influence the development and uptake of more inclusive and responsible forms of research and innovation. Taking these challenges together, we invoke Collingridge’s famous dilemma of social control of technology to introduce a complementary dilemma that of ‘societal alignment’ in the governance of science, technology and innovation. Considerations of social alignment are scattered and overlooked among some communities in the field of science, technology and innovation policy. By starting to unpack this dilemma, we outline an agenda for further consideration of social alignment in the study of responsible research and innovation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-331
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of responsible innovation
Issue number3
Early online date12 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Governance of science
  • Inclusive innovation
  • Responsible research and innovation
  • Societal alignment
  • Technology and innovation
  • Collingridge

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