Introduction to Part III: Trade-Offs and Synergies Among Ecosystem Services

Anna F. Cord*, N. Schwarz, Ralf Seppelt, Martin Volk, Matthias Schröter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Efforts are increasing to integrate the sustainable provision of ecosystem services into land management decision-making. These efforts, however, are challenged by (1) the variety of methods to map and quantify ecosystem services, and (2) the scarcity of knowledge on how environmental policies and management decisions affect relationships among ecosystem services. A better understanding of relationships among ecosystem services is therefore much needed. This chapter introduces the part of the Atlas framework that focuses on relationships among ecosystem services. It contains a typology and common definitions of different types of relationships, provides a brief overview of the diversity of methods and approaches used, includes a summary of empirical evidence, and, finally, discusses implications for planning and management.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAtlas of Ecosystem Services
Subtitle of host publicationDrivers, Risks, and Societal Responses
EditorsMatthias Schröter, Aletta Bonn, Stefan Klotz, Ralf Seppelt, Cornelia Baessler
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-96229-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-96228-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


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