Polycrystalline metal with well-designed grain structure exhibits different strength and ductility compared with the conventional macro scale materials. In the present study, the mechanisms of strain hardening and inhomogeneous deformation in polycrystals are analyzed by considering the interaction between dislocations and grain boundaries. Firstly, a dislocation density based crystal plasticity model is developed and then used to quantitatively study the grain size and orientation effects in polycrystals. With the decrease of grain size, the accumulation and interaction of dislocations are promoted in the grain, resulting in back-stress hardening. Simultaneously, two opposite effects of the inhomogeneity in grain orientation are obtained by evaluating the local Schmidt factors in each grain and their standard deviation. The findings highlight the effect of grain boundary on the strength and provide quantitative insight into the effect of grain orientation on ductility.
- n/a OA procedure