Iodine charge-transfer salts of benzene-bridged bis(1,2,3,5- diselenadiazolyl) diradicals. Electrocrystallization and solid-state characterization of 1,3- and 1,4-[(Se2N2C)C 6H4(CN2Se2)][I]

C. D. Bryan, A. W. Cordes*, N. A. George, R. C. Haddon, C. D. MacKinnon, R. T. Oakley, T. T.M. Palstra, A. S. Perel

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Electroreduction of 1,3- and 1,4-benzene-bridged bis(diselenadiazolium) salts [1,4-Se][SbF6]2 and [1,4-Se][SbF6] 2 in acetonitrile, at a Pt wire and in the presence of iodine affords the 1:1 charge-transfer salts [1,4-Se][I] and [1,3-Se][I]. Crystals of [1,4-Se][I] belong to the monoclinic space group C2/m, with FW = 598.9, a = 10.586(2), b = 16.713(2), c = 3.5006(14) Å, β = 104.26(2)°, V = 600.2(3) Å3, Z = 2. Crystals of [1,3-Se][I] belong to the orthorhombic space group Ima2, with FW = 598.9, a = 28.489(7), b = 3.543(2), c = 12.283(2) Å, V = 1239.8(8) Å3, Z = 4. In the presence of an excess of iodine, electrocrystallization of [1,4-Se]2+ affords the mixed iodide/triiodide salt [1,4-Se][I][I3], space group C2/c, FW = 979.59, a = 12.862(3), b = 15.063(2), c = 9.028(3) Å, β = 100.62(2)°, V = 1719.1(7) Å3, Z = 4. The structures of the two 1:1 compounds consist of perfectly superimposed stacks of molecular units interspersed by columns of disordered iodines. Interstack contacts in both structures are limited, indicative of 1-dimensional electronic structures. Variable-temperature single-crystal conductivity measurements on [1,4-Se][I] reveal weakly metallic behavior at room temperature, with a phase transition to a semiconducting state occurring at about 240 K. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on [1,4-Se][I] are consistent with the conductivity data; the magnetic susceptibility of [1,3-Se][I] behaves similarly. The crystal structures and transport properties are discussed in light of extended Hückel band structure calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-768
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of materials
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

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