Purpose: This paper aims to analyse the general effect of co-created products on the brand equity of observers (OBBE). The influence of different implementations of the co-creation approach on the OBBE is tested. It is also discussed whether co-creation can be a strategic method for companies to positively affect the OBBE in the mass market.
Design/methodology/approach: A between-subject experiment with a 2 (intensity of integration: democratically voted vs commonly created) × 2 (expert knowledge: no expert knowledge vs expert knowledge) design plus one control group (zero co-creation) is conducted for two brands to test the postulated hypotheses.
Findings: Co-creation can have a weak positive effect on the OBBE. Integration intensity and expertise of integrated consumer also affect the OBBE only marginally.
Research limitations/implications: Further research might investigate whether the initial brand equity has a moderating effect. Also brand image and underlying product category could influence the relation between co-creation and the OBBE and would be valuable for future studies.
Practical implications: Brand managers should aim to convert observers into participants, instead of setting the focus on the presentation of the user-designed product to the mass market.
Originality/value: This study is one of the few analyzing the effects of co-creation on observers in terms of brand equity. In addition to existing research, the concept of expertise in combination with co-creation and its influence on the OBBE is explored.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of product and brand management|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Intensity of integration
- Non-integrated consumers
- Observer-based brand equity
- 2023 OA procedure