Is Technetium-99m Sestamibi Imaging Able to Predict Pathologic Nonresponse to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer? A Meta-analysis Evaluating Current Use and Shortcomings

Angela Collarino, Elizabeth J. de Koster, Renato A. Valdés Olmos, Lioe Fee de Geus-Oei, Lenka M. Pereira Arias-Bouda* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Interest in technetium-99m (99mTc)-sestamibi imaging for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) response monitoring in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) is increasing but remains matter of discussion. The present study conducted a meta-analysis of the diagnostic performance of 99mTc-sestamibi to predict pathologic nonresponse to NAC for primary LABC. Materials and Methods: A systematic data search was performed. Studies with a minimum of 10 LABC patients that had evaluated 99mTc-sestamibi imaging for NAC nonresponse using conventional planar scintimammography, breast-specific γ-imaging, and/or single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) were included. The histopathologic findings were the reference standard. The meta-analysis was performed using a mixed logistic regression model. Results: The search revealed 14 eligible studies with 529 patients. Of the 14 studies, 11 had evaluated scintimammography and 3 breast-specific γ-imaging. No studies examining SPECT or SPECT/CT were found. The overall estimated pooled sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios of 99mTc-sestamibi imaging to predict nonresponsiveness to NAC were 70.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 56.5%-81.3%%), 90.1% (95% CI, 77.5%-96.0%), 7.13 (95% CI, 3.08-16.53), and 0.33 (95% CI, 0.22-0.49), respectively. Only 3 studies (107 patients) evaluated 99mTc-sestamibi imaging during NAC, reported an estimated pooled sensitivity of 87% (95% CI, 72%-100%) and specificity of 93% (95% CI, 85%-100%). Conclusion: Only planar 99mTc-sestamibi imaging has been investigated for NAC nonresponse in LABC but showed low sensitivity to predict pathologic nonresponse. However, most studies focused on the prediction of pathologic complete response after NAC. Although experience is limited, 99mTc-sestamibi uptake during NAC seems highly sensitivity for the prediction of nonresponsiveness. Features such as SPECT/CT imaging, standardized quantification, relation to tumor subtypes, and proper timing have been insufficiently evaluated and require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalClinical breast cancer
Volume18
Issue number1
Early online date29 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Locally advanced BC
  • NAC response
  • Nuclear breast imaging
  • Therapy monitoring
  • Tc-sestamibi

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