Islanded ammonia power systems: Technology review & conceptual process design

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent advances in technologies for the decentralized, islanded ammonia economy are reviewed, with an emphasis on feasibility for long-term practical implementation. The emphasis in this review is on storage systems in the size range of 1–10 MW. Alternatives for hydrogen production, nitrogen production, ammonia synthesis, ammonia separation, ammonia storage, and ammonia combustion are compared and evaluated. A conceptual process design, based on the optimization of temperature and pressure levels of existing and recently proposed technologies, is presented for an islanded ammonia energy system. This process design consists of wind turbines and solar panels for electricity generation, a battery for short-term energy storage, an electrolyzer for hydrogen production, a pressure swing adsorption unit for nitrogen production, a novel ruthenium-based catalyst for ammonia synthesis, a supported metal halide for ammonia separation and storage, and an ammonia fueled, proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cell for electricity generation. In a generic location in northern Europe, it is possible to operate the islanded energy system at a round-trip efficiency of 61% and at a cost of about 0.30–0.35 € kWh−1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109339
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Ammonia
Process design
Hydrogen production
Electricity
Nitrogen
Metal halides
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Ruthenium
Wind turbines
Energy storage
Protons
Adsorption
Catalysts
Costs

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Chemical energy storage
  • Conceptual process design
  • Decentralization
  • Hydrogen economy
  • Islanded system
  • Power-to-ammonia-to-power
  • Ammonia economy

Cite this

@article{ea7c1bd23a094344a5660e692bdda927,
title = "Islanded ammonia power systems: Technology review & conceptual process design",
abstract = "Recent advances in technologies for the decentralized, islanded ammonia economy are reviewed, with an emphasis on feasibility for long-term practical implementation. The emphasis in this review is on storage systems in the size range of 1–10 MW. Alternatives for hydrogen production, nitrogen production, ammonia synthesis, ammonia separation, ammonia storage, and ammonia combustion are compared and evaluated. A conceptual process design, based on the optimization of temperature and pressure levels of existing and recently proposed technologies, is presented for an islanded ammonia energy system. This process design consists of wind turbines and solar panels for electricity generation, a battery for short-term energy storage, an electrolyzer for hydrogen production, a pressure swing adsorption unit for nitrogen production, a novel ruthenium-based catalyst for ammonia synthesis, a supported metal halide for ammonia separation and storage, and an ammonia fueled, proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cell for electricity generation. In a generic location in northern Europe, it is possible to operate the islanded energy system at a round-trip efficiency of 61{\%} and at a cost of about 0.30–0.35 € kWh−1.",
keywords = "UT-Hybrid-D, Chemical energy storage, Conceptual process design, Decentralization, Hydrogen economy, Islanded system, Power-to-ammonia-to-power, Ammonia economy",
author = "Rouwenhorst, {Kevin H.R.} and {Van der Ham}, {Aloijsius G.J.} and Guido Mul and Kersten, {Sascha R.A.}",
note = "Elsevier deal",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.rser.2019.109339",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
journal = "Renewable & sustainable energy reviews",
issn = "1364-0321",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Islanded ammonia power systems

T2 - Technology review & conceptual process design

AU - Rouwenhorst, Kevin H.R.

AU - Van der Ham, Aloijsius G.J.

AU - Mul, Guido

AU - Kersten, Sascha R.A.

N1 - Elsevier deal

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Recent advances in technologies for the decentralized, islanded ammonia economy are reviewed, with an emphasis on feasibility for long-term practical implementation. The emphasis in this review is on storage systems in the size range of 1–10 MW. Alternatives for hydrogen production, nitrogen production, ammonia synthesis, ammonia separation, ammonia storage, and ammonia combustion are compared and evaluated. A conceptual process design, based on the optimization of temperature and pressure levels of existing and recently proposed technologies, is presented for an islanded ammonia energy system. This process design consists of wind turbines and solar panels for electricity generation, a battery for short-term energy storage, an electrolyzer for hydrogen production, a pressure swing adsorption unit for nitrogen production, a novel ruthenium-based catalyst for ammonia synthesis, a supported metal halide for ammonia separation and storage, and an ammonia fueled, proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cell for electricity generation. In a generic location in northern Europe, it is possible to operate the islanded energy system at a round-trip efficiency of 61% and at a cost of about 0.30–0.35 € kWh−1.

AB - Recent advances in technologies for the decentralized, islanded ammonia economy are reviewed, with an emphasis on feasibility for long-term practical implementation. The emphasis in this review is on storage systems in the size range of 1–10 MW. Alternatives for hydrogen production, nitrogen production, ammonia synthesis, ammonia separation, ammonia storage, and ammonia combustion are compared and evaluated. A conceptual process design, based on the optimization of temperature and pressure levels of existing and recently proposed technologies, is presented for an islanded ammonia energy system. This process design consists of wind turbines and solar panels for electricity generation, a battery for short-term energy storage, an electrolyzer for hydrogen production, a pressure swing adsorption unit for nitrogen production, a novel ruthenium-based catalyst for ammonia synthesis, a supported metal halide for ammonia separation and storage, and an ammonia fueled, proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cell for electricity generation. In a generic location in northern Europe, it is possible to operate the islanded energy system at a round-trip efficiency of 61% and at a cost of about 0.30–0.35 € kWh−1.

KW - UT-Hybrid-D

KW - Chemical energy storage

KW - Conceptual process design

KW - Decentralization

KW - Hydrogen economy

KW - Islanded system

KW - Power-to-ammonia-to-power

KW - Ammonia economy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070940820&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2019.109339

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2019.109339

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85070940820

VL - 114

JO - Renewable & sustainable energy reviews

JF - Renewable & sustainable energy reviews

SN - 1364-0321

M1 - 109339

ER -