Issues in Data Labelling

Roddy Cowie, Cate Cox, Jeam-Claude Martin, Anton Batliner, Dirk K.J. Heylen, Kostas Karpouzis

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

    18 Citations (Scopus)


    Labelling emotion databases is not a purely technical matter. It is bound up with theoretical issues. Different issues affect labelling of emotional content, labelling of the signs that convey emotion, and labelling of the relevant context. Linked to these are representational issues, involving time course, consensus and divergence, and connections between states and events. From that background comes a wealth of resources for labelling emotion, involving not only everyday emotion words but also affect dimensions, and labels for combination types, appraisal categories, and authenticity. Resources for labelling signs of emotion cover linguistic, vocal, face descriptors, plus descriptors for gesture, and relevant physiological variables. Resources for labelling context are developing.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationEmotion-Oriented Systems. The Humaine Handbook
    EditorsRoddy Cowie, Catherine Pelachaud, Paolo Petta
    Place of PublicationLondon
    Number of pages29
    ISBN (Print)978-3-642-15183-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Publication series

    NameCognitive Technologies
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    ISSN (Print)1611-2482


    • METIS-285105
    • IR-79619
    • EWI-21458
    • corpora data labelling emotions

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