Josephson effect in two-band superconductors

Akihiro Sasaki, Satoshi Ikegaya, Tetsuro Habe, Alexander A. Golubov, Yasuhiro Asano

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We study theoretically the Josephson effect between two two-band superconductors respecting time-reversal symmetry, where we assume a spin-singlet s-wave pair potential in each conduction band. The superconducting phase at the first band φ1 and that at the second band φ2 characterize a two-band superconducting state. We consider a Josephson junction where an insulating barrier separates two such two-band superconductors. By applying the tunnel Hamiltonian description, the Josephson current is calculated in terms of the anomalous Green's function on either side of the junction. We find that the Josephson current consists of three components which depend on three types of phase differences across the junction: The phase difference at the first band δφ1, the phase difference at the second band δφ2, and the difference at the center-of-mass phase (δφ1+δφ2)/2. A Cooper pair generated by the band hybridization carries the last current component. We discuss the relation between the Josephson current calculated in theories and that observed in experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184501
JournalPhysical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2020


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