Josephson supercurrent in a topological insulator without a bulk shunt

M. Snelder, C.G. Molenaar, Y. Pan, D. Wu, Y. Huang, A. de Visser, A.A. Golubov, W.G. van der Wiel, H. Hilgenkamp, M.S. Golden, A. Brinkman

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Abstract

A Josephson supercurrent has been induced into the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$. We show that the transport in Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$ exfoliated flakes is dominated by surface states and that the bulk conductivity can be neglected at the temperatures where we study the proximity induced superconductivity. We prepared Josephson junctions with widths in the order of 40 nm and lengths in the order of 50–80 nm on several Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$ flakes and measured down to 30 mK. The Fraunhofer patterns unequivocally reveal that the supercurrent is a Josephson supercurrent. The measured critical currents are reproducibly observed on different devices and upon multiple cooldowns, and the critical current dependence on temperature as well as magnetic field can be well explained by diffusive transport models and geometric effects.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104001
Number of pages7
JournalSuperconductor science and technology
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2014

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Critical currents
flakes
shunts
critical current
insulators
Surface states
Superconductivity
Josephson junctions
proximity
temperature distribution
superconductivity
Magnetic fields
conductivity
Temperature
magnetic fields
temperature

Keywords

  • EWI-25383
  • Josephson supercurrent
  • IR-94110
  • topological superconductors
  • METIS-307823
  • topological insulator

Cite this

Snelder, M. ; Molenaar, C.G. ; Pan, Y. ; Wu, D. ; Huang, Y. ; de Visser, A. ; Golubov, A.A. ; van der Wiel, W.G. ; Hilgenkamp, H. ; Golden, M.S. ; Brinkman, A. / Josephson supercurrent in a topological insulator without a bulk shunt. In: Superconductor science and technology. 2014 ; Vol. 27, No. 10.
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Josephson supercurrent in a topological insulator without a bulk shunt. / Snelder, M.; Molenaar, C.G.; Pan, Y.; Wu, D.; Huang, Y.; de Visser, A.; Golubov, A.A.; van der Wiel, W.G.; Hilgenkamp, H.; Golden, M.S.; Brinkman, A.

In: Superconductor science and technology, Vol. 27, No. 10, 104001, 29.08.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Josephson supercurrent in a topological insulator without a bulk shunt

AU - Snelder, M.

AU - Molenaar, C.G.

AU - Pan, Y.

AU - Wu, D.

AU - Huang, Y.

AU - de Visser, A.

AU - Golubov, A.A.

AU - van der Wiel, W.G.

AU - Hilgenkamp, H.

AU - Golden, M.S.

AU - Brinkman, A.

PY - 2014/8/29

Y1 - 2014/8/29

N2 - A Josephson supercurrent has been induced into the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$. We show that the transport in Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$ exfoliated flakes is dominated by surface states and that the bulk conductivity can be neglected at the temperatures where we study the proximity induced superconductivity. We prepared Josephson junctions with widths in the order of 40 nm and lengths in the order of 50–80 nm on several Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$ flakes and measured down to 30 mK. The Fraunhofer patterns unequivocally reveal that the supercurrent is a Josephson supercurrent. The measured critical currents are reproducibly observed on different devices and upon multiple cooldowns, and the critical current dependence on temperature as well as magnetic field can be well explained by diffusive transport models and geometric effects.

AB - A Josephson supercurrent has been induced into the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$. We show that the transport in Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$ exfoliated flakes is dominated by surface states and that the bulk conductivity can be neglected at the temperatures where we study the proximity induced superconductivity. We prepared Josephson junctions with widths in the order of 40 nm and lengths in the order of 50–80 nm on several Bi $_{1.5}$ Sb $_{0.5}$ Te $_{1.7}$ Se $_{1.3}$ flakes and measured down to 30 mK. The Fraunhofer patterns unequivocally reveal that the supercurrent is a Josephson supercurrent. The measured critical currents are reproducibly observed on different devices and upon multiple cooldowns, and the critical current dependence on temperature as well as magnetic field can be well explained by diffusive transport models and geometric effects.

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KW - topological superconductors

KW - METIS-307823

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DO - 10.1088/0953-2048/27/10/104001

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