Kessel Run - A Cooperative Multiplayer SSVEP BCI Game

Inês Cruz, Carlos Moreira, Mannes Poel, Hugo Ferreira, Anton Nijholt

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Digital game research has been rapidly growing with studies dedicated to game experience and adopting new technologies. Alongside, research in Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) is growing in game applications. Besides technical shortcomings, BCI research in gaming can also be lacking due to challenges such as poorly designed games that do not provide a fun experience to its players.In this paper we present a novel multiplayer Steady-State Visually Evoked Potential (SSVEP) game - Kessel Run - with BCI-focused cooperative mechanics, drawing attention to the impact of game design in the user experience.Twelve participants played Kessel Run using a 2-electrode cap and rated their experience in a questionnaire. The SSVEP performance was lower than expected, with an average classification accuracy of 55% and maximum of 79% at a 33% chance level. Despite low performances, players still reported a state of Flow, felt behaviorally involved and empathized with each other, finding it enjoyable to play the game together.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIntelligent Technologies for Interactive Entertainment
    Subtitle of host publication9th International Conference, INTETAIN 2017, Funchal, Portugal, June 20-22, 2017, Proceedings
    EditorsYoram Chisik, Jussi Holopainen, Rilla Khaled, José Luis Silva, Paula Alexandra Silva
    Number of pages19
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-73062-2
    ISBN (Print)978-3-319-73061-5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017
    Event9th International Conference on Intelligent Technologies for Interactive Entertainment, INTETAIN 2017 - Funchal, Portugal
    Duration: 20 Jun 201722 Jun 2017
    Conference number: 9

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering
    ISSN (Print)1867-8211
    ISSN (Electronic)1867-822X


    Conference9th International Conference on Intelligent Technologies for Interactive Entertainment, INTETAIN 2017
    Abbreviated titleINTETAIN 2017
    Internet address


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