Kinetic characterization of SPR-based biomarker assays enables quality control, calibration free measurements and robust optimization for clinical application

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Abstract

Biomarker measurements are essential for the early diagnosis of complex diseases. However, many current biomarker assays lack sensitivity and multiplexing capacity, work in a narrow detection range and importantly lack real time quality control opportunities, which hampers clinical translation. In this paper, we demonstrate a toolbox to kinetically characterize a biomarker measurement assay using Surface Plasmon Resonance imaging (SPRi) with ample opportunities for real time quality control by exploiting quantitative descriptions of the various biomolecular interactions. We show an accurate prediction of SPRi measurements at both low and high concentrations of various analytes with deviations <5% between actual measurements and predicted measurement. The biphasic binding sites model was accurate for fitting the experimental curves and enables optimal detection of heterophilic antibodies, cross-reactivity, spotting irregularities and/or other confounders. The toolbox can also be used to create a (simulated) calibration curve, enabling calibration-free measurements with good recovery, it allows for easy assay optimizations, and could help bridge the gap to bring new biomarker assays to the clinic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114918
JournalAnalytical biochemistry
Volume658
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Assay
  • Biomarker
  • Calibration free
  • Kinetics
  • Optimization
  • Quality control
  • SPRi
  • UT-Hybrid-D

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