Kinetics of CO2 with primary and secondary amines in aqueous solutions I. Zwitterion deprotonation kinetics for DEA and DIPA in aqueous blends of alkanolamines

R.J. Littel, R.J. Littel, Geert Versteeg, Willibrordus Petrus Maria van Swaaij

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Abstract

The deprotonation kinetics of the DEA—CO2 and the DIPA—CO2 zwitterions have been studied in aqueous blends of amines at 298 K. Amine mixtures investigated were: DEA—TEA, DEA—MDEA, DEA—DMMEA, DEA—DEMEA, DIPA—TEA. DIPA—MDEA, DIPA—DMMEA, DIPA—DEMEA. For each blend the zwitterion deprotonation constant of the additional base present in solution (i.e. the tertiary amine) was determined. The observed deprotonation rate constants for the DEA-zwitterion and for the DIPA-zwitterion could be summarized in two Brønsted-type relationships. These relationships can be used to estimate the overall reaction rate of CO2 with DEA or DIPA in aqueous blends of amines. The present work on the zwitterion deprotonation kinetics of the reaction of CO2 with DEA and DIPA in aqueous amine blends provides additional verification for the validity of the zwitterion mechanism proposed by Caplow(1968) for the description of the reaction between CO2 and primary and secondary alkanolamines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2027-2035
Number of pages9
JournalChemical engineering science
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • METIS-106024
  • IR-11160

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