Laboratory modeling of geophysical vortices

G.J.F. van Heijst, H.J.H. Clercx

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    Investigators have modeled oceanic and atmospheric vortices in the labora- tory in a number of different ways, employing background rotation, density effects, and geometrical confinement. In this article, we address barotropic vortices in a rotating fluid, emphasizing generation techniques, instability is- sues, and topography effects in particular. We then review work on vortices in shallow fluid layers, including topography effects on vortices in coastal areas and the role of vortices in tidal exchange between two connected basins.
    Original languageUndefined
    Article number10.1146/annurev.fluid.010908.165207
    Pages (from-to)143-164
    Number of pages22
    JournalAnnual review of fluid mechanics
    Issue number10.1146/annurev.fluid.010908.165207
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


    • EWI-17316
    • Rotating flow
    • topography
    • IR-69751
    • shallow fluid layer
    • β-effect
    • METIS-264502
    • barotropic vortices

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