Lactate biosensors: current status and outlook

Liza Rassaei*, Wouter Olthuis, Seiya Tsujimura, Ernst J.R. Sudhölter, Albert van den Berg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    119 Citations (Scopus)


    Many research efforts over the last few decades have been devoted to sensing lactate as an important analytical target in clinical care, sport medicine, and food processing. Therefore, research in designing lactate sensors is no longer in its infancy and now is more directed toward viable sensors for direct applications. In this review, we provide an overview of the most immediate and relevant developments toward this end, and we discuss and assess common transduction approaches. Further, we critically describe the pros and cons of current commercial lactate sensors and envision how future sensing design may benefit from emerging new technologies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)123-137
    Number of pages15
    JournalAnalytical and bioanalytical chemistry
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2013


    • Biosensors
    • Optical sensors
    • Lactate sensors
    • Noninvasive sensors
    • Enzymatic sensors
    • Electrochemical sensors


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