Land governance arrangements in Eastern Africa: Description and comparison

Achamyeleh G Adam*, Aline M Cikara, Hidaya Kayuza, Lilian Mono Wabineno, Jossam Potel, Robert Nilson Wayumba, Prosper Turimubumwe, J.A. Zevenbergen

*Corresponding author for this work

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This study is aimed to assess features of land governance arrangements in the Eastern Africa region. Comparative and qualitative research approach was employed to achieve the objectives of the study. The research was also conducted within the context of long standing research collaboration under the umbrella of the Eastern African Land Administration Network (EALAN). The Eastern African countries included in this study are those represented through respective institutions in the EALAN, namely: Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. The findings of this research reveals that the region manifests diverse background of land governance arrangements where formal and informal actors and processes still important. The study also shows that the formal systems in most of the countries are not reaching large parts of the society yet. Due to the limitations of the formal systems, aspects of custom and informal authority structures exist and seem to be used by most people for conflict resolution and other transactions related to land. Therefore, more effort is required to make the formal systems more accessible, including altering current formal systems and making them less bureaucratic and more affordable for majority of the people in the region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-68
Number of pages16
JournalAfrican Journal on Land Policy and Geospatial Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2020


  • land governance
  • East-Africa
  • comparison


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