Countries are registering land rights through sporadic or systematic land registration (SLR) programs. The SLR mostly uses unconventional approaches which are relatively fast and cheap to allow coverage of vast areas in a short period of time. However, little is known about how countries are dealing or should deal with the updating phase, especially when the SLR and unconventional approaches were/are used in the initial registration. This PhD research aims to minimize this gap by developing a framework to update land records database established in that way. The research adopted a qualitative approach and the traditional approach of system design was used in the development of the framework. Best practices in updating from case study countries served as inputs in the design. Updating is part of land administration system and failure to consider it may affect the entire system. Efforts put in the establishment phase should also be in the updating phase. Simplicity, affordability, sustainability, accessibility, speed, mobilization, security and interconnectivity were considered in the literature as important considerations in land administration. Thus, they will also be important for the updating phase. Best practices from 9 case study countries that used unconventional approaches during SLR showed that though there is a room for improvements, the updating phase is considered as important and needed. In all these countries, resources supporting updating phase are in place and being used. These include updating procedures; the institutional and legal framework to support land registration; staff involved in the registration that are trained and means to assess how effective is the system. The updating framework was designed in order to minimize gaps that may exist in the updating in case unconventional approaches were used during SLR. It explicitly explains what to consider in the updating in order to ensure that changes are being registered. The updating framework was tested in one of the case study country (Rwanda) in order to see if it can be used in reality and whether it would be possible to find data about all the parameters and their related requirements. The test was successful and the findings indicated that the country is doing quite well in updating. Of the 43 requirements, 28 appeared to be fully considered in the Rwandan updating system, which confirms their relevance for the framework. The framework may be used to develop a new updating system or to analyse an existing as it was done for Rwanda.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||27 Aug 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Aug 2022|
- Land records
- systematic land registration
- unconventional approaches