Landscape structure and diseases profile: Associating land use type composition with disease distribution

Nefta Eleftheria P Votsi*, Antonios D. Mazaris, Athanasios S. Kallimanis, Evangelia G. Drakou, John D. Pantis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Human health and well-being presuppose environmental quality. Several studies have documented the indicative role of land use types in environmental quality. However, the exact role of land use composition on disease distribution has remained scientifically vague. We assessed the congruence of diseases distribution with land use composition, focusing on high environmental quality areas, defined as tranquil areas with view to indicating places offering well-being. Landscape composition is linked to the presence of diseases across 51 prefectures of Greece. Agricultural and natural land use types proved to be the main drivers of disease distribution. Tranquility demonstrated a strong negative correlation with population density, thus could be considered as a quantitative spatial index of life-quality. We concluded that the landscape context affects the dominance of diseases patterns. Special emphasis should be put on the role of tranquil areas in human health and the relative environmental health policies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-187
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • disease distributional patterns
  • environmental health policy
  • environmental indicators
  • Land use types
  • tranquility


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