Human health and well-being presuppose environmental quality. Several studies have documented the indicative role of land use types in environmental quality. However, the exact role of land use composition on disease distribution has remained scientifically vague. We assessed the congruence of diseases distribution with land use composition, focusing on high environmental quality areas, defined as tranquil areas with view to indicating places offering well-being. Landscape composition is linked to the presence of diseases across 51 prefectures of Greece. Agricultural and natural land use types proved to be the main drivers of disease distribution. Tranquility demonstrated a strong negative correlation with population density, thus could be considered as a quantitative spatial index of life-quality. We concluded that the landscape context affects the dominance of diseases patterns. Special emphasis should be put on the role of tranquil areas in human health and the relative environmental health policies.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International Journal of Environmental Health Research|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Mar 2014|
- disease distributional patterns
- environmental health policy
- environmental indicators
- Land use types