Landslide susceptibility prediction using slope unit-based machine learning models considering the heterogeneity of conditioning factors

Zhilu Chang, Filippo Catani, Faming Huang*, Gengzhe Liu, Sansar Raj Meena, Jinsong Huang, Chuangbing Zhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)
150 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

To perform landslide susceptibility prediction (LSP), it is important to select appropriate mapping unit and landslide-related conditioning factors. The efficient and automatic multi-scale segmentation (MSS) method proposed by the authors promotes the application of slope units. However, LSP modeling based on these slope units has not been performed. Moreover, the heterogeneity of conditioning factors in slope units is neglected, leading to incomplete input variables of LSP modeling. In this study, the slope units extracted by the MSS method are used to construct LSP modeling, and the heterogeneity of conditioning factors is represented by the internal variations of conditioning factors within slope unit using the descriptive statistics features of mean, standard deviation and range. Thus, slope units-based machine learning models considering internal variations of conditioning factors (variant slope-machine learning) are proposed. The Chongyi County is selected as the case study and is divided into 53,055 slope units. Fifteen original slope unit-based conditioning factors are expanded to 38 slope unit-based conditioning factors through considering their internal variations. Random forest (RF) and multi-layer perceptron (MLP) machine learning models are used to construct variant Slope-RF and Slope-MLP models. Meanwhile, the Slope-RF and Slope-MLP models without considering the internal variations of conditioning factors, and conventional grid units-based machine learning (Grid-RF and MLP) models are built for comparisons through the LSP performance assessments. Results show that the variant Slope-machine learning models have higher LSP performances than Slope-machine learning models; LSP results of variant Slope-machine learning models have stronger directivity and practical application than Grid-machine learning models. It is concluded that slope units extracted by MSS method can be appropriate for LSP modeling, and the heterogeneity of conditioning factors within slope units can more comprehensively reflect the relationships between conditioning factors and landslides. The research results have important reference significance for land use and landslide prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1143
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
Volume15
Issue number5
Early online date11 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Heterogeneity of conditioning factors
  • Landslide susceptibility prediction (LSP)
  • Machine learning models
  • Multi-scale segmentation method (MSS)
  • Slope unit
  • ITC-CV

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