We have used phase-sensitive ultrashort-pulse interferometry to study the modification of optical pulse propagation near the photonic band edges in colloidal crystals consisting of polystyrene spheres in water. A strong suppression of the group velocity is found at frequencies near the L gap of the fcc lattice. The group velocity dispersion diverges at the band edges and shows branches of both normal dispersion and anomalous dispersion, which can be interpreted as large changes in the effective mass, both positive and negative. We obtain excellent agreement with the dynamical diffraction theory.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physical review letters|
|Publication status||Published - 11 Oct 1999|