Large-eddy simulation study of the logarithmic law for second- and higher-order moments in turbulent wall-bounded flow

Richard Johannes Antonius Maria Stevens, Michael Wilczek, Charles Meneveau

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Abstract

The logarithmic law for the mean velocity in turbulent boundary layers has long provided a valuable and robust reference for comparison with theories, models and large-eddy simulations (LES) of wall-bounded turbulence. More recently, analysis of high-Reynolds-number experimental boundary-layer data has shown that also the variance and higher-order moments of the streamwise velocity fluctuations u ′+ display logarithmic laws. Such experimental observations motivate the question whether LES can accurately reproduce the variance and the higher-order moments, in particular their logarithmic dependency on distance to the wall. In this study we perform LES of very high-Reynolds-number wall-modelled channel flow and focus on profiles of variance and higher-order moments of the streamwise velocity fluctuations. In agreement with the experimental data, we observe an approximately logarithmic law for the variance in the LES, with a ‘Townsend–Perry’ constant of A 1 ≈1.25 . The LES also yields approximate logarithmic laws for the higher-order moments of the streamwise velocity. Good agreement is found between A p , the generalized ‘Townsend–Perry’ constants for moments of order 2p , from experiments and simulations. Both are indicative of sub-Gaussian behaviour of the streamwise velocity fluctuations. The near-wall behaviour of the variance, the ranges of validity of the logarithmic law and in particular possible dependencies on characteristic length scales such as the roughness length z 0 , the LES grid scale Δ , and subgrid scale mixing length C s Δ are examined. We also present LES results on moments of spanwise and wall-normal fluctuations of velocity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)888-907
JournalJournal of fluid mechanics
Volume757
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • METIS-307408
  • IR-93375

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