Laser Machining by Short and Ultrashort Pulses, State of the Art and New Opportunities in the Age of the Photons

J. Meijer, K. Du, A. Gillner, D. Hoffmann, T. Masuzawa, A Ostendorf, R. Poprawe, W. Schulz

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    211 Citations (Scopus)
    617 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    An overview is given of the applications of short and ultrashort lasers in material processing. Shorter pulses reduce heat-affected damage of the material and opens new ways for nanometer accuracy. Even forty years after the development of the laser there is a lot of effort in developing new and better performing lasers. The driving force is higher accuracy at reasonable cost, which is realised by compact systems delivering short laser pulses of high beam quality. Another trend is the shift towards shorter wavelengths, which are better absorbed by the material and which allows smaller feature sizes to be produced. Examples of new products, which became possible by this technique, are given. The trends in miniaturization as predicted by Moore and Taniguchi are expected to continue over the next decade too thanks to short and ultrashort laser machining techniques. After the age of steam and the age of electricity we have entered the age of photons now.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationAnnals of the CIRP
    PublisherEd. Edition Colibri Ltd. Uetendorf
    Pages531-550
    Number of pages19
    ISBN (Print)3-905 277-38-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2002
    Event52nd CIRP General Assembly 2002 - San Sebastian, Spain
    Duration: 19 Aug 200223 Aug 2002
    Conference number: 52

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherElsevier
    Number2
    Volume51
    ISSN (Print)0007-8506

    Conference

    Conference52nd CIRP General Assembly 2002
    CountrySpain
    CitySan Sebastian
    Period19/08/0223/08/02

    Keywords

    • IR-74647
    • METIS-209005
    • Micro machining
    • Laser
    • Ablation

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