Legal perspective on possible fairness measures – A legal discussion using the example of hiring decisions

Marc P. Hauer*, Johannes Kevekordes, Maryam Amir Haeri

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    64 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    With the increasing use of AI in algorithmic decision making (e.g. based on neural networks), the question arises how bias can be excluded or mitigated. There are some promising approaches, but many of them are based on a ”fair” ground truth, others are based on a subjective goal to be reached, which leads to the usual problem of how to define and compute ”fairness”. The different functioning of algorithmic decision making in contrast to human decision making leads to a shift from a process-oriented to a result-oriented discrimination assessment. We argue that with such a shift society needs to determine which kind of fairness is the right one to choose for which certain scenario. To understand the implications of such a determination we explain the different kinds of fairness concepts that might be applicable for the specific application of hiring decisions, analyze their pros and cons with regard to the respective fairness interpretation and evaluate them from a legal perspective (based on EU law).

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number105583
    JournalComputer Law and Security Review
    Volume42
    Early online date15 Aug 2021
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

    Keywords

    • Fairness measures
    • Human resources

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