Light-tunable three-phase coexistence in mixed halide perovskites

Zehua Chen, Geert Brocks, Shuxia Tao, Peter A. Bobbert

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Abstract

Mixed iodine-bromine perovskites used in solar cells undergo below a critical temperature an intrinsic demixing into phases with different iodine-bromine compositions. In addition, under illumination they show nucleation of an iodine-rich phase. We predict from thermodynamic considerations that in mixed iodine-bromine perovskites like MAPb(I1-xBrx)3 the interplay of these effects can lead to coexistence of a bromine-rich, iodine-rich, and nearly iodine-pure nucleated phase. This three-phase coexistence occurs in a region in the composition-temperature phase diagram near the critical point for intrinsic demixing. We investigate the hysteresis in the evolution of this coexistence when temperature or illumination intensity are cycled. Depending on the particular way the coexistence is established, nearly iodine-pure nuclei should form either in the iodine-rich phase only or both in the bromine-rich and iodine-rich phases. Experimental verification of this fundamentally novel type of light-tunable three-phase coexistence should be possible by a combination of absorption and photoluminescence experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134110
JournalPhysical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics
Volume106
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022

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