We generalize the potentials of Hart & Mas-Colell  by intro-ducing a class of linear potentials for TU-games based on an idea of taxing and redistributing. To each potential an e¢ cient and additivevalue is associated, which attributes to each player his linearly modified contribution to the potential of the grand coalition of a so-calledtaxed game, plus an equal share in the tax revenues.The class of linear-potential values includes egalitarian and dis-counted Shapley values, but also weighted Shapley values. Using ourpotential we show that the class of consistent values in the sense of Hart& Mas-Colell  can be extended. Furthermore, the Shapley fam-ily is enlarged by the classes of semi-egalitarian discounted weightedShapley values and equal-coalitional-improvement Shapley values.We investigate connections between restrictions on linear-potentialvalues and axioms, some of which lose independence, e.g., variants ofstandardness imply symmetry. We characterize several classes withinthe Shapley family by single axioms, such as symmetry and parameterdependent forms of egalitarianism, consistency and standardness, aswell as individual members by forms of consistency and standardness.
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Dec 2013|