Liquid drops attract or repel by the inverted Cheerios effect

Stefan Karpitschka, Anupam Pandey, Luuk A. Lubbers, Joost Weijs, Lorenzo Botto, Siddhartha Das, Bruno Andreotti, Jacco H. Snoeijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Solid particles floating at a liquid interface exhibit a long-ranged attraction mediated by surface tension. In the absence of bulk elasticity, this is the dominant lateral interaction of mechanical origin. Here, we show that an analogous long-range interaction occurs between adjacent droplets on solid substrates, which crucially relies on a combination of capillarity and bulk elasticity. We experimentally observe the interaction between droplets on soft gels and provide a theoretical framework that quantitatively predicts the interaction force between the droplets. Remarkably, we find that, although on thick substrates the interaction is purely attractive and leads to drop–drop coalescence, for relatively thin substrates a short-range repulsion occurs, which prevents the two drops from coming into direct contact. This versatile interaction is the liquid-on-solid analog of the “Cheerios effect.” The effect will strongly influence the condensation and coarsening of drops on soft polymer films, and has potential implications for colloidal assembly and mechanobiology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7403-7407
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume113
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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interactions
elastic properties
liquids
coalescing
floating
attraction
interfacial tension
condensation
assembly
gels
analogs
polymers

Keywords

  • IR-100765
  • METIS-317172

Cite this

Karpitschka, Stefan ; Pandey, Anupam ; Lubbers, Luuk A. ; Weijs, Joost ; Botto, Lorenzo ; Das, Siddhartha ; Andreotti, Bruno ; Snoeijer, Jacco H. / Liquid drops attract or repel by the inverted Cheerios effect. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2016 ; Vol. 113, No. 27. pp. 7403-7407.
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abstract = "Solid particles floating at a liquid interface exhibit a long-ranged attraction mediated by surface tension. In the absence of bulk elasticity, this is the dominant lateral interaction of mechanical origin. Here, we show that an analogous long-range interaction occurs between adjacent droplets on solid substrates, which crucially relies on a combination of capillarity and bulk elasticity. We experimentally observe the interaction between droplets on soft gels and provide a theoretical framework that quantitatively predicts the interaction force between the droplets. Remarkably, we find that, although on thick substrates the interaction is purely attractive and leads to drop–drop coalescence, for relatively thin substrates a short-range repulsion occurs, which prevents the two drops from coming into direct contact. This versatile interaction is the liquid-on-solid analog of the “Cheerios effect.” The effect will strongly influence the condensation and coarsening of drops on soft polymer films, and has potential implications for colloidal assembly and mechanobiology.",
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Liquid drops attract or repel by the inverted Cheerios effect. / Karpitschka, Stefan; Pandey, Anupam ; Lubbers, Luuk A.; Weijs, Joost; Botto, Lorenzo; Das, Siddhartha; Andreotti, Bruno; Snoeijer, Jacco H.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 113, No. 27, 2016, p. 7403-7407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Liquid drops attract or repel by the inverted Cheerios effect

AU - Karpitschka, Stefan

AU - Pandey, Anupam

AU - Lubbers, Luuk A.

AU - Weijs, Joost

AU - Botto, Lorenzo

AU - Das, Siddhartha

AU - Andreotti, Bruno

AU - Snoeijer, Jacco H.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

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AB - Solid particles floating at a liquid interface exhibit a long-ranged attraction mediated by surface tension. In the absence of bulk elasticity, this is the dominant lateral interaction of mechanical origin. Here, we show that an analogous long-range interaction occurs between adjacent droplets on solid substrates, which crucially relies on a combination of capillarity and bulk elasticity. We experimentally observe the interaction between droplets on soft gels and provide a theoretical framework that quantitatively predicts the interaction force between the droplets. Remarkably, we find that, although on thick substrates the interaction is purely attractive and leads to drop–drop coalescence, for relatively thin substrates a short-range repulsion occurs, which prevents the two drops from coming into direct contact. This versatile interaction is the liquid-on-solid analog of the “Cheerios effect.” The effect will strongly influence the condensation and coarsening of drops on soft polymer films, and has potential implications for colloidal assembly and mechanobiology.

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KW - METIS-317172

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SP - 7403

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JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

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