Liquid phase epitaxy and spectroscopic investigation of optically active KYb(WO4)2 thin layers

A. Aznar, D. Ehrentraut, Y.E. Romanyuk, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, P. Gerner, H.U. Güdel, Markus Pollnau

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    In recent years, Yb3+ has attracted much attention as an activating ion because of its small quantum defect for laser emission from 2F5/2 to 2F7/2 at ~1.03 µm, which provides high efficiency and reduced heat generation. A promising material for Yb3+ lasers is KYb(WO4)2 (KYbW) [1]. It can be grown from high-temperature solutions [2]. A suitable substrate material for the growth of single-crystalline layers with thicknesses in the range of the absorption length of ~13 µm at 981 nm is KY(WO4)2 (KYW). We demonstrate the liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) of KYbW layers at start temperatures as low as 520°C from the chloride solvent KCl-NaCl-CsCl. This temperature is favorable in order to decrease the thermal stresses due to the differences in the thermal expansion coefficients of substrate and layer. Moreover, the choice of [010]-oriented KYW substrates bypasses the large difference in the thermal expansion coefficient along the [010] direction. Our spectroscopic investigations show that the fluorescence lifetime of ~250 µs measured in our LPE-grown KYbW layers is dominated by radiative decay and is very similar to that measured in top-seeded-solution-grown bulk samples [2]. Fast energy migration among the Yb3+ ions and energy transfer to small amounts of Tm3+ and Er3+ ions present in the YbCl3 reagent lead to visible upconversion luminescence in the layers under 981-nm excitation. [1] P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M.A. Bursukova, M.C. Pujol, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, F. Güell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, F. Díaz, Appl. Phys. B 2002, 74, 185 [2] M.C. Pujol, M.A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, Phys. Rev. B 2002, 65, 165121
    Original languageUndefined
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2003
    EventFinal Programme and Abstract Book of the 5th International Conference on f-Elements - Geneva, Switzerland
    Duration: 24 Aug 200329 Aug 2003


    ConferenceFinal Programme and Abstract Book of the 5th International Conference on f-Elements
    Other24-29 August 2003


    • IOMS-APD: Active Photonic Devices
    • IR-72141
    • EWI-17995

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