Abstract

The introduction of microCHP (Combined Heat and Power) appliances and other means of distributed generation causes a shift in the way electricity is produced and consumed. Households themselves produce electricity and deliver the surplus to the grid. In this way, the distributed generation also has implications on the transformers and, thus, on the grid. In this work we study the influence of introducing microCHP appliances on the total load of a group of houses (behind the last transformer). If this load can be controlled, the transformer may be relieved from peak loads. Moreover, a well controlled fleet production can be offered as a Virtual Power Plant to the electricity grid. In this work we focus on different algorithms to control the fleet and produce a constant electricity output. We assume that produced electricity is consumed as locally as possible (preferably within the household). Produced heat can only be consumed locally. Additionally, heat can be stored in heat stores. Fleet control is achieved by using heat led control algorithms and by specifying as objective how much of the microCHP appliances have to run. First results show that preferred patterns can be produced by using fleet control. However, as the problem is heat driven, still reasonably large deviations from the objective occur. Several combinations of heat store and fleet control algorithm parameters are considered to match the heat demand and supply. This work is a first attempt in controlling a fleet and gives a starting point for further research in this area. A certain degree of control can already be established, but for better stability more intelligent algorithms are needed.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems ans Signal Processing (ProRISC)
Place of PublicationUtrecht
PublisherTechnology Foundation
Pages25-29
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)978-90-73461-56-7
StatePublished - 27 Nov 2008
Event19th Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, ProRISC 2008 - Veldhoven, Netherlands

Publication series

Name
PublisherSTW Technology Foundation
NumberWoTUG-31

Conference

Conference19th Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, ProRISC 2008
CountryNetherlands
CityVeldhoven
Period27/11/0828/11/08

Fingerprint

Electricity
Distributed power generation
Power plants

Keywords

  • EWI-14295
  • METIS-254942
  • Micro-generation
  • Algorithm design
  • Modelling
  • IR-65171

Cite this

Bosman, M. G. C., Bakker, V., Molderink, A., Hurink, J. L., & Smit, G. J. M. (2008). Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using µCHP appliances. In Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems ans Signal Processing (ProRISC) (pp. 25-29). Utrecht: Technology Foundation.

Bosman, M.G.C.; Bakker, Vincent; Molderink, Albert; Hurink, Johann L.; Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria / Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using µCHP appliances.

Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems ans Signal Processing (ProRISC). Utrecht : Technology Foundation, 2008. p. 25-29.

Research output: ScientificConference contribution

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abstract = "The introduction of microCHP (Combined Heat and Power) appliances and other means of distributed generation causes a shift in the way electricity is produced and consumed. Households themselves produce electricity and deliver the surplus to the grid. In this way, the distributed generation also has implications on the transformers and, thus, on the grid. In this work we study the influence of introducing microCHP appliances on the total load of a group of houses (behind the last transformer). If this load can be controlled, the transformer may be relieved from peak loads. Moreover, a well controlled fleet production can be offered as a Virtual Power Plant to the electricity grid. In this work we focus on different algorithms to control the fleet and produce a constant electricity output. We assume that produced electricity is consumed as locally as possible (preferably within the household). Produced heat can only be consumed locally. Additionally, heat can be stored in heat stores. Fleet control is achieved by using heat led control algorithms and by specifying as objective how much of the microCHP appliances have to run. First results show that preferred patterns can be produced by using fleet control. However, as the problem is heat driven, still reasonably large deviations from the objective occur. Several combinations of heat store and fleet control algorithm parameters are considered to match the heat demand and supply. This work is a first attempt in controlling a fleet and gives a starting point for further research in this area. A certain degree of control can already be established, but for better stability more intelligent algorithms are needed.",
keywords = "EWI-14295, METIS-254942, Micro-generation, Algorithm design, Modelling, IR-65171",
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Bosman, MGC, Bakker, V, Molderink, A, Hurink, JL & Smit, GJM 2008, Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using µCHP appliances. in Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems ans Signal Processing (ProRISC). Technology Foundation, Utrecht, pp. 25-29, 19th Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, ProRISC 2008, Veldhoven, Netherlands, 27-28 November.

Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using µCHP appliances. / Bosman, M.G.C.; Bakker, Vincent; Molderink, Albert; Hurink, Johann L.; Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria.

Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems ans Signal Processing (ProRISC). Utrecht : Technology Foundation, 2008. p. 25-29.

Research output: ScientificConference contribution

TY - CHAP

T1 - Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using µCHP appliances

AU - Bosman,M.G.C.

AU - Bakker,Vincent

AU - Molderink,Albert

AU - Hurink,Johann L.

AU - Smit,Gerardus Johannes Maria

PY - 2008/11/27

Y1 - 2008/11/27

N2 - The introduction of microCHP (Combined Heat and Power) appliances and other means of distributed generation causes a shift in the way electricity is produced and consumed. Households themselves produce electricity and deliver the surplus to the grid. In this way, the distributed generation also has implications on the transformers and, thus, on the grid. In this work we study the influence of introducing microCHP appliances on the total load of a group of houses (behind the last transformer). If this load can be controlled, the transformer may be relieved from peak loads. Moreover, a well controlled fleet production can be offered as a Virtual Power Plant to the electricity grid. In this work we focus on different algorithms to control the fleet and produce a constant electricity output. We assume that produced electricity is consumed as locally as possible (preferably within the household). Produced heat can only be consumed locally. Additionally, heat can be stored in heat stores. Fleet control is achieved by using heat led control algorithms and by specifying as objective how much of the microCHP appliances have to run. First results show that preferred patterns can be produced by using fleet control. However, as the problem is heat driven, still reasonably large deviations from the objective occur. Several combinations of heat store and fleet control algorithm parameters are considered to match the heat demand and supply. This work is a first attempt in controlling a fleet and gives a starting point for further research in this area. A certain degree of control can already be established, but for better stability more intelligent algorithms are needed.

AB - The introduction of microCHP (Combined Heat and Power) appliances and other means of distributed generation causes a shift in the way electricity is produced and consumed. Households themselves produce electricity and deliver the surplus to the grid. In this way, the distributed generation also has implications on the transformers and, thus, on the grid. In this work we study the influence of introducing microCHP appliances on the total load of a group of houses (behind the last transformer). If this load can be controlled, the transformer may be relieved from peak loads. Moreover, a well controlled fleet production can be offered as a Virtual Power Plant to the electricity grid. In this work we focus on different algorithms to control the fleet and produce a constant electricity output. We assume that produced electricity is consumed as locally as possible (preferably within the household). Produced heat can only be consumed locally. Additionally, heat can be stored in heat stores. Fleet control is achieved by using heat led control algorithms and by specifying as objective how much of the microCHP appliances have to run. First results show that preferred patterns can be produced by using fleet control. However, as the problem is heat driven, still reasonably large deviations from the objective occur. Several combinations of heat store and fleet control algorithm parameters are considered to match the heat demand and supply. This work is a first attempt in controlling a fleet and gives a starting point for further research in this area. A certain degree of control can already be established, but for better stability more intelligent algorithms are needed.

KW - EWI-14295

KW - METIS-254942

KW - Micro-generation

KW - Algorithm design

KW - Modelling

KW - IR-65171

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-90-73461-56-7

SP - 25

EP - 29

BT - Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems ans Signal Processing (ProRISC)

PB - Technology Foundation

ER -

Bosman MGC, Bakker V, Molderink A, Hurink JL, Smit GJM. Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using µCHP appliances. In Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Workshop on Circuits, Systems ans Signal Processing (ProRISC). Utrecht: Technology Foundation. 2008. p. 25-29.