We present the results of a four-month campaign searching for low-frequency radio transients near the North Celestial Pole with the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR), as part of the Multifrequency Snapshot Sky Survey (MSSS). The data were recorded between 2011 December and 2012 April and comprised 2149 11-min snapshots, each covering 175 deg2. We have found one convincing candidate astrophysical transient, with a duration of a few minutes and a flux density at 60 MHz of 15–25 Jy. The transient does not repeat and has no obvious optical or high-energy counterpart, as a result of which its nature is unclear. The detection of this event implies a transient rate at 60 MHz of 3.9+14.7−3.7×10−43.9−3.7+14.7×10−4 d−1 deg−2, and a transient surface density of 1.5 × 10−5 deg−2, at a 7.9-Jy limiting flux density and ∼10-min time-scale. The campaign data were also searched for transients at a range of other time-scales, from 0.5 to 297 min, which allowed us to place a range of limits on transient rates at 60 MHz as a function of observation duration.
Stewart, A. J., Fender, R. P., Broderick, J. W., Hassall, T. E., Bell, M. E., Bonafede, A., ... van Weeren, R. J. (2016). LOFAR MSSS: Detection of a low-frequency radio transient in 400 hours of monitoring of the North Celestial Pole. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 456(3), 2321-2342. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2797