Long-term anatomical and functional results of robot-assisted pelvic floor surgery for the management of multicompartment prolapse: A prospective study

Femke van Zanten*, Emma M. van der Schans, Esther C.J. Consten, Paul M. Verheijen, Egbert Lenters, Ivo A.M.J. Broeders, Steven E. Schraffordt Koops

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Long-term data on robot-assisted sacrocolporectopexy for the treatment of multicompartment pelvic organ prolapse are scarce. With the rising prevalence of prolapse and increasing surgical repair, it is essential to evaluate long-term results.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate long-term functional and anatomic outcomes after sacrocolporectopexy.

DESIGN: This is a prospective, observational cohort study.

SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a teaching hospital with tertiary referral function for patients with gynecological/rectal prolapse.

PATIENTS: All patients undergoing robot-assisted sacrocolporectopexy from 2011 to 2012 were included.

INTERVENTION: Robot-assisted sacrocolporectopexy was performed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the anatomic cure rate after 1 and 4 years, defined as simplified pelvic organ prolapse quantification stage 1 vaginal apical prolapse and no external rectal prolapse or internal rectal prolapse present. Kaplan-Meier curves were used for determination of recurrence-free intervals. Secondary outcomes were functional pelvic floor symptoms (symptoms of bulge, obstructed defecation, fecal incontinence, urogenital distress inventory) and quality of life (Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire).

RESULTS: Fifty-three patients were included. After 12 and 48 months, the recurrence-free intervals based on Kaplan-Meier estimates were 100% and 90%. In total, there were 10 recurrences: 2 apical and 8 internal rectal prolapses. Symptoms of bulge (94%-12%; p < 0.0005), fecal incontinence (62%-32%; p < 0.0005), obstructed defecation (59%-24%; p = 0.008), and median Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire scores (124-5; p = 0.022) improved significantly at final follow-up. Median urogenital distress inventory scores showed improvement after 1 year (30-13; p = 0.021).

LIMITATIONS: This was an observational, single-center study with selective postoperative imaging.

CONCLUSIONS: Ninety percent of patients were recurrence free 48 months after robot-assisted sacrocolporectopexy. Symptoms of vaginal bulge, quality of life, constipation, and fecal incontinence improved significantly. However, a subgroup of patients showed persistent bowel complaints that underlie the complexity of multicompartment prolapse. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B265.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1301
Number of pages9
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • Multicompartment prolapse
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Robotic surgery
  • Sacrocolporectopexy
  • n/a OA procedure


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