Long-term Outcome of Surgery Versus Conservative Management for Recurrent and Ongoing Complaints After an Episode of Diverticulitis: 5-year Follow-up Results of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial (DIRECT-Trial)

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish whether surgical or conservative treatment leads to a higher quality of life (QoL) in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The 6 months' results of the DIRECT trial, a randomized trial comparing elective sigmoidectomy with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis (>2 episodes within 2 years) and/or ongoing complaints (>3 months) after an episode of diverticulitis, demonstrated a significantly higher QoL after elective sigmoidectomy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate QoL at 5-year follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to June 2014, 109 patients were randomized to either elective sigmoidectomy (N = 53) or conservative management (N = 56). In the present study, the primary outcome was QoL measured by the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) at 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcome measures were SF-36 score, Visual Analogue Score (VAS) pain score, EuroQol-5D-3L (EQ-5D-3L) score, morbidity, mortality, perioperative complications, and long-term operative outcome. RESULTS: At 5-year follow-up, mean GIQLI score was significantly higher in the operative group [118.2 (SD 21.0)] than the conservative group [108.5 (SD 20.0)] with a mean difference of 9.7 (95% confidence interval 1.7-17.7). All secondary QoL outcome measures showed significantly better results in the operative group, with a higher SF-36 physical (P = 0.030) and mental score (P = 0.010), higher EQ5D score (P = 0.016), and a lower VAS pain score (P = 0.011). Twenty-six (46%) patients in the conservative group ultimately required surgery due to severe ongoing complaints. Of the operatively treated patients, 8 (11%) patients had anastomotic leakage and reinterventions were required in 11 (15%) patients. CONCLUSION: Consistent with the short-term results of the DIRECT trial, elective sigmoidectomy resulted in a significantly increased QoL at 5-year follow-up compared with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. Surgeons should counsel these patients for elective sigmoidectomy weighing superior QoL, less pain, and lower risk of new recurrences against the complication risk of surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)612-620
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume269
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

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Diverticulitis
Randomized Controlled Trials
Quality of Life
Pain
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Conservative Treatment
Anastomotic Leak
Confidence Intervals
Morbidity
Recurrence
Mortality

Cite this

@article{ce1c74288d514b0683969eec9e95f9d7,
title = "Long-term Outcome of Surgery Versus Conservative Management for Recurrent and Ongoing Complaints After an Episode of Diverticulitis: 5-year Follow-up Results of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial (DIRECT-Trial)",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish whether surgical or conservative treatment leads to a higher quality of life (QoL) in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The 6 months' results of the DIRECT trial, a randomized trial comparing elective sigmoidectomy with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis (>2 episodes within 2 years) and/or ongoing complaints (>3 months) after an episode of diverticulitis, demonstrated a significantly higher QoL after elective sigmoidectomy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate QoL at 5-year follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to June 2014, 109 patients were randomized to either elective sigmoidectomy (N = 53) or conservative management (N = 56). In the present study, the primary outcome was QoL measured by the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) at 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcome measures were SF-36 score, Visual Analogue Score (VAS) pain score, EuroQol-5D-3L (EQ-5D-3L) score, morbidity, mortality, perioperative complications, and long-term operative outcome. RESULTS: At 5-year follow-up, mean GIQLI score was significantly higher in the operative group [118.2 (SD 21.0)] than the conservative group [108.5 (SD 20.0)] with a mean difference of 9.7 (95{\%} confidence interval 1.7-17.7). All secondary QoL outcome measures showed significantly better results in the operative group, with a higher SF-36 physical (P = 0.030) and mental score (P = 0.010), higher EQ5D score (P = 0.016), and a lower VAS pain score (P = 0.011). Twenty-six (46{\%}) patients in the conservative group ultimately required surgery due to severe ongoing complaints. Of the operatively treated patients, 8 (11{\%}) patients had anastomotic leakage and reinterventions were required in 11 (15{\%}) patients. CONCLUSION: Consistent with the short-term results of the DIRECT trial, elective sigmoidectomy resulted in a significantly increased QoL at 5-year follow-up compared with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. Surgeons should counsel these patients for elective sigmoidectomy weighing superior QoL, less pain, and lower risk of new recurrences against the complication risk of surgery.",
author = "Bolkenstein, {Hendrike E.} and Consten, {Esther C.J.} and {van der Palen}, Job and {van de Wall}, {Bryan J.M.} and Broeders, {Ivo A.M.J.} and Bemelman, {Willem A.} and Lange, {Johan F.} and Boermeester, {Marja A.} and Draaisma, {Werner A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/SLA.0000000000003033",
language = "English",
volume = "269",
pages = "612--620",
journal = "Annals of Surgery",
issn = "0003-4932",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term Outcome of Surgery Versus Conservative Management for Recurrent and Ongoing Complaints After an Episode of Diverticulitis

T2 - 5-year Follow-up Results of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial (DIRECT-Trial)

AU - Bolkenstein, Hendrike E.

AU - Consten, Esther C.J.

AU - van der Palen, Job

AU - van de Wall, Bryan J.M.

AU - Broeders, Ivo A.M.J.

AU - Bemelman, Willem A.

AU - Lange, Johan F.

AU - Boermeester, Marja A.

AU - Draaisma, Werner A.

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish whether surgical or conservative treatment leads to a higher quality of life (QoL) in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The 6 months' results of the DIRECT trial, a randomized trial comparing elective sigmoidectomy with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis (>2 episodes within 2 years) and/or ongoing complaints (>3 months) after an episode of diverticulitis, demonstrated a significantly higher QoL after elective sigmoidectomy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate QoL at 5-year follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to June 2014, 109 patients were randomized to either elective sigmoidectomy (N = 53) or conservative management (N = 56). In the present study, the primary outcome was QoL measured by the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) at 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcome measures were SF-36 score, Visual Analogue Score (VAS) pain score, EuroQol-5D-3L (EQ-5D-3L) score, morbidity, mortality, perioperative complications, and long-term operative outcome. RESULTS: At 5-year follow-up, mean GIQLI score was significantly higher in the operative group [118.2 (SD 21.0)] than the conservative group [108.5 (SD 20.0)] with a mean difference of 9.7 (95% confidence interval 1.7-17.7). All secondary QoL outcome measures showed significantly better results in the operative group, with a higher SF-36 physical (P = 0.030) and mental score (P = 0.010), higher EQ5D score (P = 0.016), and a lower VAS pain score (P = 0.011). Twenty-six (46%) patients in the conservative group ultimately required surgery due to severe ongoing complaints. Of the operatively treated patients, 8 (11%) patients had anastomotic leakage and reinterventions were required in 11 (15%) patients. CONCLUSION: Consistent with the short-term results of the DIRECT trial, elective sigmoidectomy resulted in a significantly increased QoL at 5-year follow-up compared with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. Surgeons should counsel these patients for elective sigmoidectomy weighing superior QoL, less pain, and lower risk of new recurrences against the complication risk of surgery.

AB - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish whether surgical or conservative treatment leads to a higher quality of life (QoL) in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The 6 months' results of the DIRECT trial, a randomized trial comparing elective sigmoidectomy with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis (>2 episodes within 2 years) and/or ongoing complaints (>3 months) after an episode of diverticulitis, demonstrated a significantly higher QoL after elective sigmoidectomy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate QoL at 5-year follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to June 2014, 109 patients were randomized to either elective sigmoidectomy (N = 53) or conservative management (N = 56). In the present study, the primary outcome was QoL measured by the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) at 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcome measures were SF-36 score, Visual Analogue Score (VAS) pain score, EuroQol-5D-3L (EQ-5D-3L) score, morbidity, mortality, perioperative complications, and long-term operative outcome. RESULTS: At 5-year follow-up, mean GIQLI score was significantly higher in the operative group [118.2 (SD 21.0)] than the conservative group [108.5 (SD 20.0)] with a mean difference of 9.7 (95% confidence interval 1.7-17.7). All secondary QoL outcome measures showed significantly better results in the operative group, with a higher SF-36 physical (P = 0.030) and mental score (P = 0.010), higher EQ5D score (P = 0.016), and a lower VAS pain score (P = 0.011). Twenty-six (46%) patients in the conservative group ultimately required surgery due to severe ongoing complaints. Of the operatively treated patients, 8 (11%) patients had anastomotic leakage and reinterventions were required in 11 (15%) patients. CONCLUSION: Consistent with the short-term results of the DIRECT trial, elective sigmoidectomy resulted in a significantly increased QoL at 5-year follow-up compared with conservative management in patients with recurring diverticulitis and/or ongoing complaints. Surgeons should counsel these patients for elective sigmoidectomy weighing superior QoL, less pain, and lower risk of new recurrences against the complication risk of surgery.

U2 - 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003033

DO - 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003033

M3 - Article

VL - 269

SP - 612

EP - 620

JO - Annals of Surgery

JF - Annals of Surgery

SN - 0003-4932

IS - 4

ER -