Long-term restenosis after multiple stent implantation: A quantitative angiographic study

Bernhard Reimers, Carlo D.I. Mario, Giampaolo Pasquetto, Clemens Von Birgelen, Robert Gil, Marcel Van Den Brand, Wim Van Der Giessen, David Foley, Patrick W. Serruys* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Elective high pressure stent implantation in focal coronary lesions has a high procedural success and low incidence of restenosis in comparison with balloon angioplasty. For the treatment of diffusely diseased coronary arteries, however, a high incidence of subacute thrombosis and late restenosis has been reported. The aim of this study was the prospective evaluation of procedural and long-term outcome after implantation of multiple stents. In a consecutive series of 48 patients, 48 lesions were treated with the implantation of 120 stents (2.5 ± 1.0 stents/lesion). Stent implantation was performed electively in 15%, for dissection in 56%, and for suboptimal balloon angioplasty result in 29% of patients. The lesion length before stenting, including balloon angioplasty induced dissections was 28.5 ± 9.8 mm (range 20-62), the mean length of the stented segment was 40 ± 16 mm. The procedure was successful in 45 patients (95%). Procedural related complications included two urgent bypass operations (4%) and one transmural myocardial infarction (2%). Two subacute stent thrombosis events (4%) occurred, both in-hospital, 1 and 3 days after implantation. Follow-up was obtained in 43 eligible patients at 6.4 ± 1.3 months, revealing an overall restenosis rate of 30% (13 patients). Quantitative angiography (CAAS II, edge detection algorithm) showed a minimal lumen diameter of 0.93 ± 0.28 mm (diameter stenosis 62% ± 13%) before treatment, 2.81 ± 0.26 mm (diameter stenosis -4 ± 13%) after stenting, and 1.79 ± 0.58 mm (diameter stenosis 30% ± 20%) at follow-up. Predictors of restenosis were not identified. Thus, multiple stent implantation has high procedural success and the late restenosis of long lesions after multiple stents compares favorably with balloon angioplasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-293
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes


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