Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM) and Photo-Emission Electron Microscopy (PEEM) predominantly use a combination of microchannel plate (MCP), phosphor screen and optical camera to record images formed by 10–20 keV electrons. We have tested the performance of a LEEM/PEEM instrument with a Medipix2 hybrid pixel detector using an Ir(1 1 1) sample with graphene flakes grown on its surface. We find that Medipix2 offers a number of advantages over the MCP. The adjustable threshold settings allow Medipix2 to operate as a noiseless detector, offering an improved signal-to-noise ratio for the same amount of signal compared to the MCP. At the same magnification Medipix2 images exhibit superior resolution and can handle significantly higher electron current densities than an MCP, offering the prospect of substantially higher frame rates in LEEM imaging. These factors make Medipix2 an excellent candidate to become the detector of choice for LEEM/PEEM applications.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section A : Accelerators, spectrometers, detectors and associated equipment|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
Sikharulidze, I., van Gastel, R., Schramm, S., Abrahams, J. P., Poelsema, B., Tromp, R. M., & van der Molen, S. J. (2011). Low energy electron imaging using Medipix 2 detector. Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section A : Accelerators, spectrometers, detectors and associated equipment, 633(S1), S239-S242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.06.177