The Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) is a large radio telescope based on phased array principles, distributed over several European countries with its central core in the Northern part of the Netherlands. LOFAR is optimized for detecting astronomical signals in the 30-80 MHz and 120 240 MHz frequency window. LOFAR detects the incoming radio signals by using an array of simple omni-directional antennas. The antennas are grouped in so called stations mainly to reduce the amount of data generated. More than forty stations will be built, mainly within a circle of 150 kilometres in diameter. But LOFAR stations will also be built in other European countries. The signals of all the stations are transported to the central processor facility, where all the station signals are correlated with each other, prior to imaging. In this chapter the signal processing aspects on system level will be presented. Methods to image the sky will be given and the mapping of these concepts to the LOFAR phase array radio telescope will be presented. Challenges will be addressed and potentials for further research will be presented.
|Title of host publication||Applied Signal and Image Processing: Multidisciplinary Advancements|
|Editors||Evor Hines, Rami Qahwaji, Roger Green|
|Place of Publication||USA|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Aug 2010|
- Phased array
- low-frequency astronomy
- digital signal processing
- Radio astronomy
Bentum, M. J., Gunst, A. W., & Boonstra, A. J. (2010). Low frequency array (lofar)- potential and challenges. In E. Hines, R. Qahwaji, & R. Green (Eds.), Applied Signal and Image Processing: Multidisciplinary Advancements (pp. 1-18). USA: IGI Global.