Low-frequency magnetic interference in a SQUID gradiometer caused by a Cryotiger® gas-mixture cooler

A.P. Rijpma, Hermanus J.M. ter Brake, E. de Vries, Herman J. Holland, Horst Rogalla

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A Cryotiger® gas-mixture cooler was applied for cooling of three high-Tc SQUID magnetometers. These SQUID magnetometers were mounted on an alumina holder in an axial gradiometer configuration. From 20 Hz upward, the system noise was about 0.1 pT/√Hz. Below this frequency, the noise gradually increased to a level of 10 pT/√Hz at 1 Hz. This low-frequency excess noise appeared to be due to remnant magnetization of the Cryotiger cold head. Movement of magnetic cold-head parts with respect to the SQUIDs are induced by pressure fluctuations in the heat exchanger lines. By using one SQUID as a reference for the cooler noise, a first-order gradiometer can be formed in which the cooler noise is eliminated. To establish a proper second-order gradiometer either a fourth SQUID has to be added, or the spatial separation between cold head and SQUIDs has to be increased significantly.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)317-322
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • IR-77767

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