Low-loss sharp bends in low contrast polymer hybrid metallic waveguides

Mustafa Sefünç, W. van de Meent, A.R. Coenen, A. Pace, Mindert Dijkstra, Sonia Maria García Blanco

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Surface plasmons polaritons have drawn significant attention in recent years not only thanks to their capability of confining the field in the dielectric/metal interface, but also thanks to their potential to produce highly efficient thermooptical or electro-optical devices such as modulators and switches due to the presence of the metal layer amidst the electromagnetic field. However, the high confinement comes at the cost of high propagation losses due to the metal’s highly absorptive nature at visible and near-IR wavelengths. In order for plasmonic devices to find a widespread use in integrated optics, an advantage over dielectric waveguides needs to be found that justifies their utilization. In this work, we present an application in which metallic waveguides perform better than their dielectric counterparts. By adding a thin metallic layer underneath the waveguide core, the total bend losses (dB/90° are reduced with respect to the bend losses of the equivalent dielectric structure without the metallic layer for a range of radii from 35 µm down to 1 µm. The results show a dramatic reduction of total bend losses in TE-polarization with values as low as 0.02 dB/90° bend for radii between 6 and 13 µm. The mechanism for the reduction of bend losses is the shielding action of the metal layer, which prevents the field to leak into the substrate. In this paper, both detailed theoretical calculations as well as experimental results for SU-8 channel waveguides will be presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX
EditorsJean-Emmanuel Broquin, Gualtiero Nunzi Conti
PublisherSPIE
Pages-
ISBN (Print)9781628414554
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventIntegrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 9 Feb 201511 Feb 2015
Conference number: 19

Publication series

Name
PublisherSPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9365
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceIntegrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period9/02/1511/02/15

Fingerprint

waveguides
polymers
metals
radii
dielectric waveguides
integrated optics
plasmons
confining
polaritons
shielding
modulators
electromagnetic fields
switches
propagation
polarization
wavelengths

Keywords

  • IR-100746
  • METIS-314352

Cite this

Sefünç, M., van de Meent, W., Coenen, A. R., Pace, A., Dijkstra, M., & García Blanco, S. M. (2015). Low-loss sharp bends in low contrast polymer hybrid metallic waveguides. In J-E. Broquin, & G. Nunzi Conti (Eds.), Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX (pp. -). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2083856
Sefünç, Mustafa ; van de Meent, W. ; Coenen, A.R. ; Pace, A. ; Dijkstra, Mindert ; García Blanco, Sonia Maria. / Low-loss sharp bends in low contrast polymer hybrid metallic waveguides. Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX. editor / Jean-Emmanuel Broquin ; Gualtiero Nunzi Conti. SPIE, 2015. pp. -
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abstract = "Surface plasmons polaritons have drawn significant attention in recent years not only thanks to their capability of confining the field in the dielectric/metal interface, but also thanks to their potential to produce highly efficient thermooptical or electro-optical devices such as modulators and switches due to the presence of the metal layer amidst the electromagnetic field. However, the high confinement comes at the cost of high propagation losses due to the metal’s highly absorptive nature at visible and near-IR wavelengths. In order for plasmonic devices to find a widespread use in integrated optics, an advantage over dielectric waveguides needs to be found that justifies their utilization. In this work, we present an application in which metallic waveguides perform better than their dielectric counterparts. By adding a thin metallic layer underneath the waveguide core, the total bend losses (dB/90° are reduced with respect to the bend losses of the equivalent dielectric structure without the metallic layer for a range of radii from 35 µm down to 1 µm. The results show a dramatic reduction of total bend losses in TE-polarization with values as low as 0.02 dB/90° bend for radii between 6 and 13 µm. The mechanism for the reduction of bend losses is the shielding action of the metal layer, which prevents the field to leak into the substrate. In this paper, both detailed theoretical calculations as well as experimental results for SU-8 channel waveguides will be presented.",
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Sefünç, M, van de Meent, W, Coenen, AR, Pace, A, Dijkstra, M & García Blanco, SM 2015, Low-loss sharp bends in low contrast polymer hybrid metallic waveguides. in J-E Broquin & G Nunzi Conti (eds), Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX. SPIE, pp. -, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX, San Francisco, United States, 9/02/15. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2083856

Low-loss sharp bends in low contrast polymer hybrid metallic waveguides. / Sefünç, Mustafa; van de Meent, W.; Coenen, A.R.; Pace, A.; Dijkstra, Mindert; García Blanco, Sonia Maria.

Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX. ed. / Jean-Emmanuel Broquin; Gualtiero Nunzi Conti. SPIE, 2015. p. -.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Low-loss sharp bends in low contrast polymer hybrid metallic waveguides

AU - Sefünç, Mustafa

AU - van de Meent, W.

AU - Coenen, A.R.

AU - Pace, A.

AU - Dijkstra, Mindert

AU - García Blanco, Sonia Maria

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Surface plasmons polaritons have drawn significant attention in recent years not only thanks to their capability of confining the field in the dielectric/metal interface, but also thanks to their potential to produce highly efficient thermooptical or electro-optical devices such as modulators and switches due to the presence of the metal layer amidst the electromagnetic field. However, the high confinement comes at the cost of high propagation losses due to the metal’s highly absorptive nature at visible and near-IR wavelengths. In order for plasmonic devices to find a widespread use in integrated optics, an advantage over dielectric waveguides needs to be found that justifies their utilization. In this work, we present an application in which metallic waveguides perform better than their dielectric counterparts. By adding a thin metallic layer underneath the waveguide core, the total bend losses (dB/90° are reduced with respect to the bend losses of the equivalent dielectric structure without the metallic layer for a range of radii from 35 µm down to 1 µm. The results show a dramatic reduction of total bend losses in TE-polarization with values as low as 0.02 dB/90° bend for radii between 6 and 13 µm. The mechanism for the reduction of bend losses is the shielding action of the metal layer, which prevents the field to leak into the substrate. In this paper, both detailed theoretical calculations as well as experimental results for SU-8 channel waveguides will be presented.

AB - Surface plasmons polaritons have drawn significant attention in recent years not only thanks to their capability of confining the field in the dielectric/metal interface, but also thanks to their potential to produce highly efficient thermooptical or electro-optical devices such as modulators and switches due to the presence of the metal layer amidst the electromagnetic field. However, the high confinement comes at the cost of high propagation losses due to the metal’s highly absorptive nature at visible and near-IR wavelengths. In order for plasmonic devices to find a widespread use in integrated optics, an advantage over dielectric waveguides needs to be found that justifies their utilization. In this work, we present an application in which metallic waveguides perform better than their dielectric counterparts. By adding a thin metallic layer underneath the waveguide core, the total bend losses (dB/90° are reduced with respect to the bend losses of the equivalent dielectric structure without the metallic layer for a range of radii from 35 µm down to 1 µm. The results show a dramatic reduction of total bend losses in TE-polarization with values as low as 0.02 dB/90° bend for radii between 6 and 13 µm. The mechanism for the reduction of bend losses is the shielding action of the metal layer, which prevents the field to leak into the substrate. In this paper, both detailed theoretical calculations as well as experimental results for SU-8 channel waveguides will be presented.

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KW - METIS-314352

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DO - 10.1117/12.2083856

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781628414554

SP - -

BT - Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX

A2 - Broquin, Jean-Emmanuel

A2 - Nunzi Conti, Gualtiero

PB - SPIE

ER -

Sefünç M, van de Meent W, Coenen AR, Pace A, Dijkstra M, García Blanco SM. Low-loss sharp bends in low contrast polymer hybrid metallic waveguides. In Broquin J-E, Nunzi Conti G, editors, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XIX. SPIE. 2015. p. - https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2083856