Low stress silicon rich nitride SiNx has been examined as surface isolation in a 15 GHz washed emitter–base (WEB) bipolar process. The resistance of SiNx to wet etching in HF simplifies the processing and improves the control of device dimensions. The WEB process allows a direct comparison of device characteristics for several SiO2 and SiNx passivation layers. Films of SiNx with strain levels in the range 4×10−4–3×10−3 were developed using a micromachined test structure. Damage of the silicon surface, which induces emitter–collector shorts, is avoided by using very low stress nitride (strain < 1·8×10−3). The base leakage currents, which are associated with silicon/insulator interface traps, are not stress dependent but are characteristic of the type of isolation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Materials Science and Technology (United Kingdom)|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1995|