This paper presents a novel approach to make highperformance CMOS at low temperatures. Fully functional devices are manufactured using back-end compatible substrate temperatures after the deposition of the amorphous-silicon starting material. The amorphous silicon is pretextured to control the location of grain boundaries. Green-laser annealing is employed for crystallization and dopant activation. A high activation level of As and B impurities is obtained. The main grain boundaries are found at predictable positions, allowing transistor definition away from these boundaries. The realized thin-film transistors (TFTs) exhibit high field-effect carrier mobilities of 405 cm2/V • s (NMOS) and 128 cm2/V • s (PMOS). CMOS inverters and fully functional 51-stage ring oscillators were fabricated in this process and characterized. The process can be employed for large-area TFT electronics as well as a functional stack layer in 3-D integration.
- Grain boundary
- thin-film transistor (TFT)
- laser annealing
- polycrystalline silicon
- 3-D integration
- SC-ICF: Integrated Circuit Fabrication
- Above integrated circuit (IC)