Machinability of metallic and ceramic biomaterials: A review

Amir Mahyar Khorasani*, Ian Gibson, Moshe Goldberg, Junior Nomani, Guy Littlefair

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The machining process is the most common method for metal cutting, especially in the fabrication of biomaterials and artificial implants. In modern industry, the goal of production is to manufacture products at a low cost, with the highest quality in the shortest time. The main focus of the research presented here is to provide a review of the machinability of metallic and ceramic biomaterials in traditional machining processes, such as turning, milling and grinding. Thereafter, machining strategies, machinability and surface characteristics post machining are discussed. To provide a better understanding of the machining process, various cutting tools and fluids are analysed. Finally, the current research gap and directions of prospect investigations are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1491-1511
Number of pages21
JournalScience of advanced materials
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomaterial machining
  • Machinability
  • Surface characteristics


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