Introduction: Accurate risk stratification in patients with suspected stable coronary artery disease is essential for choosing an appropriate treatment strategy. Our aim was to develop and validate a machine learning (ML) based model to diagnose obstructive CAD (oCAD). Method: We retrospectively have included 1007 patients without a prior history of CAD who underwent CT-based calcium scoring (CACS) and a Rubidium-82 PET scan. The entire dataset was split 4:1 into a training and test dataset. An ML model was developed on the training set using fivefold stratified cross-validation. The test dataset was used to compare the performance of expert readers to the model. The primary endpoint was oCAD on invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Results: ROC curve analysis showed an AUC of 0.92 (95% CI 0.90-0.94) for the training dataset and 0.89 (95% CI 0.84-0.93) for the test dataset. The ML model showed no significant differences as compared to the expert readers (p ≥ 0.03) in accuracy (89% vs. 88%), sensitivity (68% vs. 69%), and specificity (92% vs. 90%). Conclusion: The ML model resulted in a similar diagnostic performance as compared to expert readers, and may be deployed as a risk stratification tool for obstructive CAD. This study showed that utilization of ML is promising in the diagnosis of obstructive CAD.
|Journal||Journal of nuclear cardiology|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print/First online - 9 Jan 2023|
- Coronary artery disease
- Machine learning
- PET myocardial perfusion imaging
- 2023 OA procedure