We theoretically investigate the macroscopic quantum dynamics of a π junction with a superconductor (S) and a multiferroic material or a ferromagnetic insulator (FI). By deriving the effective action from a microscopic Hamiltonian, a π-junction qubit (a S-FI-S superconducting quantum interference device ring) is proposed. In this qubit, a quantum two-level system is spontaneously generated and the effect of the quasiparticle dissipation is found to be very weak. These features make it possible to realize a quiet qubit with high coherency. We also investigate macroscopic quantum tunneling (MQT) in current-biased S-FI-S π junctions and show that the influence of the quasiparticle dissipation on MQT is negligibly small.
|Journal||Physical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|