Magi from the North: Instruments of Fire and Light in the Early Seventeenth Century

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    Abstract

    The telescope emerged from a setting of natural magic, in the first place Della Porta’s writings on light and lenses. This paper aims a reconsidering the nature and meaning of the telescope as an optical instrument by taking this context seriously. It broadens the term ‘optics’ beyond the usual dioptrics, to a more general sense of controlling and manipulating light, sight and perception. In addition to historicizing the concept of optical instrument, it reflects upon the epistemic features of natural magic. Della Porta explained the properties of lenses in terms of the effects of artefacts on the images as they are perceived. This paper juxtaposes this ‘thinking with objects’ with practices of natural magic in the Low Countries. The central figure is Cornelis Drebbel, a resourceful inventor of optical instruments and in many ways comparable to Della Porta. In the course of this paper the reception of Della Porta in the Low Countries is also discussed. There was a prominent tradition natural magic in the North in which the work of Della Porta also found a modest place.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Optics of Giambattista Della Porta (ca. 1535–1615)
    Subtitle of host publicationA Reassessment
    EditorsArianna Borrelli, Giora Hon, Yaakov Zik
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages125-143
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-50215-1
    ISBN (Print)978-3-319-50214-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Publication series

    NameArchimedes
    PublisherSpringer
    ISSN (Print)1385-0180
    ISSN (Electronic)2215-0064

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