Magnetic Actuation Methods in Bio/Soft Robotics

Nafiseh Ebrahimi, Chenghao Bi, David J. Cappelleri, Gastone Ciuti, Andrew T. Conn, Damien Faivre, Neda Habibi, Alexander Hošovský, Veronica Iacovacci, Islam S.M. Khalil, Veronika Magdanz, Sarthak Misra, Chytra Pawashe, Rasoul Rashidifar, Paul Eduardo David Soto-Rodriguez, Zoltan Fekete, Amir Jafari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)
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In recent years, magnetism has gained an enormous amount of interest among researchers for actuating different sizes and types of bio/soft robots, which can be via an electromagnetic-coil system, or a system of moving permanent magnets. Different actuation strategies are used in robots with magnetic actuation having a number of advantages in possible realization of microscale robots such as bioinspired microrobots, tetherless microrobots, cellular microrobots, or even normal size soft robots such as electromagnetic soft robots and medical robots. This review provides a summary of recent research in magnetically actuated bio/soft robots, discussing fabrication processes and actuation methods together with relevant applications in biomedical area and discusses future prospects of this way of actuation for possible improvements in performance of different types of bio/soft robots.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2005137
JournalAdvanced functional materials
Issue number11
Early online date23 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2021


  • magnetic bioinspired micromanipulation
  • magnetic drug delivery
  • magnetic microrobots
  • magnetically guided capsule endoscopy
  • magnetotactic bacteria


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