Magnetisation loss is an important factor in the design of superconducting transformers and motors. In these devices the tapes are usually placed face-to-face. Then the magnetisation loss is influenced by the mutual magnetic shielding between adjacent tapes. The shielding is investigated by measuring the magnetisation loss in stacks with various numbers of Bi-2223 tapes, exposed to a 48-Hz perpendicular magnetic field at 77 K. In a stack the penetration field is increased and the magnetisation loss below penetration is greatly decreased, compared to the behaviour of a single tape. The loss at high magnetic-field amplitudes is unaffected. The measured loss is compared to the loss calculated with two different models. The effect of shielding is qualitatively well described with an analytical model. However, predictions made with a numerical model display a better quantitative agreement with the measurement results.
- Magnetic shielding
- AC loss