Magnetization loss and transport current loss in ReBCO racetrack coils carrying stationary current in time-varying magnetic field at 4.2 K

Jeroen ter Harmsel*, Simon Otten, Marc Dhallé, Herman ten Kate

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

ReBCO racetrack coils may be used in high-dynamic superconducting linear motor systems, typically replacing either permanent- or electromagnets in the DC stator. Even so, in order to achieve a significant increase in force density, the superconductor needs to carry a high transport current while simultaneously experiencing the time-varying magnetic field from the copper mover coils. To aid with the design of such devices, a 2D numerical model has been developed that predicts the AC loss under motor-relevant conditions, i.e. under the combined influence of a stationary transport current and an alternating external magnetic field. The main aim of the experiments described in this paper is to validate this model with dedicated AC loss measurements. To this end, we constructed a set-up that simultaneously measures magnetization-, transport current- and overall AC loss. Two identical insulated sub-scale ReBCO racetrack coils were tested at 4.2 K while carrying a stationary transport current of up to 700 A in a sinusoidal, alternating magnetic field up to 1.5 T, applied perpendicular to the broad face of the windings. Just like with metallic superconductors, the transport current significantly increases the AC loss level and lowers the penetration field. The inductive, electric and calorimetric data were found to be consistent with each other, validating the experimental calibration methods involved. Furthermore, the numerical model accurately predicted all AC loss components in the coils without any fitting to the data and can thus reliably be used in the design of superconducting machines.
Original languageEnglish
Article number015011
JournalSuperconductor science and technology
Volume36
Issue number1
Early online date13 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

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