Major adverse cardiac events after elective infrarenal endovascular aortic aneurysm repair

Eline Diender, Jenske J.M. Vermeulen*, Ron Pisters, Paul M. van Schaik, Michel M.P.J. Reijnen, Suzanne Holewijn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Objective: There is a significant cardiac morbidity and mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, information about long-term risk of cardiac events after EVAR and potential predictors is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine incidence and predictors of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 1 and 5 years after elective EVAR for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: Baseline, perioperative, and postoperative information of 320 patients was evaluated. The primary outcome was the incidence of MACE after EVAR, which was defined as acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina pectoris, de novo atrial fibrillation, hospitalization for heart failure, mitral valve insufficiency, revascularization (including percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting), as well as cardiovascular and noncardiovascular death. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to determine incidences of MACE, MACE excluding noncardiovascular death and cardiac events by excluding noncardiovascular and vascular death from MACE. Predictors of MACE were identified using univariate and multivariate binary regression analysis. Results: Through 1 and 5 years of follow-up after EVAR, freedom from MACE was 89.4% (standard error [SE], 0.018) and 59.8% (SE, 0.033), freedom from MACE excluding noncardiovascular death was 94.7% (SE, 0.013) and 77.5% (SE, 0.030) and freedom from cardiac events was 96.0% (SE, 0.011) and 79.1% (SE, 0.030), respectively. Predictors for MACE within 1 year were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of III or IV (odds ratio [OR], 3.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.52-6.59) and larger abdominal aortic diameter (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.08). A history of atrial fibrillation (OR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.03-0.60) was a negative predictor factor. Predictors for MACE through 5 years were a history of heart failure (OR, 4.10; 95% CI 1.36-12.32) and valvular heart disease (OR, 2.31; 95% CI, 0.97-5.51), American Society of Anesthesiologists score of 3 or 4 (OR, 1.66; 95% CI, 0.96-2.88), and older age (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.08). Conclusions: MACE is a common complication during the first 5 years after elective EVAR. Cardiac diseases at baseline are strong predictors for long-term MACE and potentially helpful in optimizing future postoperative long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1536.e3
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
Volume76
Issue number6
Early online date14 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • AAA
  • EVAR
  • Heart failure
  • MACE

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