Making agents gaze naturally - Does it work?

Ivo van Es, Dirk Heylen, Betsy van Dijk, Anton Nijholt

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    13 Downloads (Pure)


    We investigated the effects of varying eye gaze behavior of an embodied conversational agent on the quality of human-agent dialogues. In an experiment we compared three versions of an agent: one with gaze behavior that is typically found to occur in human-human dialogues, one with gaze that is fixed most of the time, and a third version with random gaze behavior. The versions were found to yield significant differences in efficiency of the dialogues and in user satisfaction, amongst others.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings ot the 2002 Advanced Visual Interfaces Conference (AVI’02)
    Subtitle of host publicationMay 22-24, 2002, Trento, Italy
    EditorsM. De Marsico, S. Levialdi, E. Panizzi
    Place of PublicationNew York, NY, USA
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
    Number of pages2
    ISBN (Print)1-58113-537-8
    Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2002
    EventInternational Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002 - Trento, Italy
    Duration: 22 May 200224 May 2002


    ConferenceInternational Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2002
    Abbreviated titleAVI



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