This paper explores polycentric knowledge-based urban development in practice, asking how to create a Europe that benefits everyone involved. More specifically, it is asking whether the emergence of a new knowledge space has created a multi-urban service node, stimulating innovation and growth across a wider city-region urban field. Drawing on the case of Kennispark (Knowledge Park) in Twente region, the Eastern Netherlands, it analyses the tensions that occur between polycentric and knowledge-based urban development. The paper concludes with the possible implications of such tensions for the science cities in terms of increasing their smart specialisation.
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