Maskless Spatioselective Functionalization of Silicon Nanowires

Janneke Veerbeek, Jurriaan Huskens* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


Spatioselective functionalization of silicon nanowires was achieved without using a masking material. The designed process combines metal-assisted chemical etching (MACE) to fabricate silicon nanowires and hydrosilylation to form molecular monolayers. After MACE, a monolayer was formed on the exposed nanowire surfaces. A second MACE step was expected to elongate the nanowires, thus creating two different segments. When monolayers of 1-undecene or 1-tetradecyne were formed on the upper segment, however, the second MACE step did not extend the nanowires. In contrast, nanowires functionalized with 1,8-nonadiyne were elongated, but at an approximately 8 times slower etching rate. The elongation resulted in a contrast difference in high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM) images, which indicated the formation of nanowires that were covered with a monolayer only at the top parts. Click chemistry was successfully used for secondary functionalization of the monolayer with azide-functionalized nanoparticles. The spatioselective presence of 1,8-nonadiyne gave a threefold higher particle density on the upper segment functionalized with 1,8-nonadiyne than on the lower segment without monolayer. These results indicate the successful spatioselective functionalization of silicon nanowires fabricated by MACE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-881
Number of pages8
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Metal-assisted chemical etching
  • Monolayers
  • Si nanowires
  • `Site-selective functionalization
  • Hydrosilylation


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